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How To Get Into Cybersecurity: A Beginner’s Guide To Online Safety

by Mubi 

How To Get Into Cybersecurity

Prepare to dive headfirst into the thrilling realm of cybersecurity, where digital defenders battle nefarious hackers in a high-stakes game of wits and innovation.

Getting into cybersecurity is an exciting journey that requires strong dedication and a deep commitment to protecting digital spaces. There’s a growing demand for cybersecurity experts because we’re experiencing more data breaches and cyberattacks in our connected world.

These experts are like digital protectors who help make our online world safer by defending against threats and keeping important information secure in a world where digital security is more important than ever.

To kickstart your cybersecurity journey, it’s essential to learn the core ideas in this field. Begin by learning about viruses, malware, firewalls, and encryption, as these are the building blocks of cybersecurity knowledge.

Getting more certifications not only proves your skills but also make you more competitive in the job market. So, start with the basics, and don’t forget to get certified to show your skills and stand out in the cybersecurity field.

If you’re interested in protecting digital environments and exploring a career in cybersecurity, this beginner’s guide will show you the way.

Cybersecurity 101: How to get into cybersecurity?

Cybersecurity is a rapidly growing field with many opportunities for those interested in protecting digital environments from cyber threats. Whether you’re a tech enthusiast or a seasoned IT professional looking to switch careers, this comprehensive guide will walk you through the steps, criteria, and additional requirements to get started and excel in the world of cybersecurity.

  • Step 1: Self-assessment
  • step 2: Education and training
  • Step 3: Develop technical skills
  • Step 4: Gain practical experience
  • Step 5: Stay informed and specialize
  • Step 6: Networking and certification
  • Step 7: Apply for jobs and internships
  • Step 8: Continuous learning and ethical conduct

Step 1: Self-assessment

Before diving into the world of cybersecurity, it’s essential to assess your skills, interests, and goals. Ask yourself:

  • Are you passionate about technology and digital security?
  • Do you have a strong foundation in computer science and networking?
  • Are you a problem solver and critical thinker?
  • Are you willing to continuously learn and adapt to new challenges?

If you answered yes to these questions, you’re on the right track. Cybersecurity is a dynamic field that demands a commitment to learning and staying up-to-date with evolving threats.

Step 2: Education and training

The next step is to acquire the necessary knowledge and skills. While a formal education is not always mandatory, it can significantly boost your credentials and understanding of cybersecurity. Consider these options:

  • Bachelors degree
  • Certifications
  • Online courses
  • Self study

Bachelor’s degree

Pursuing a degree in computer science, information technology, or cybersecurity provides a solid foundation. Look for programs that include cybersecurity coursework.


Obtain relevant certifications to validate your expertise. Some popular options include:

  • CompTIA Security+,
  • Certified Information Systems
  • Security Professional (CISSP)
  • Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH)
  • Certified Information Security Manager (CISM).

Online courses

Many reputable platforms offer online courses in cybersecurity. They are flexible and often more cost-effective than traditional degrees.


If you prefer a self-paced approach, numerous books, blogs, and YouTube channels are dedicated to cybersecurity education.

Step 3: Develop technical skills

Cybersecurity relies heavily on technical skills. Focus on developing expertise in the following areas:

  • Networking:
  • Operating Systems:
  • Programming and Scripting:
  • Security Tools
  • Encryption:

Step 4: Gain practical experience

Practical experience is invaluable in cybersecurity. Consider these ways to gain hands-on knowledge:

  • Set up a virtual or physical lab environment to experiment with cybersecurity tools and techniques.
  • Participate in Capture The Flag (CTF) Challenges as they offer real-world scenarios to test your skills and solve security puzzles.
  • Seek cybersecurity internships to work with professionals and gain real-world experience.

Step 5: Stay informed and specialize

Cyber threats are constantly evolving. To stay relevant, you must stay informed:

  • Follow cybersecurity news and blogs to keep up with the latest trends and threats.
  • Networking at events like DEFCON and RSA can be invaluable.
  • As you gain experience, consider specializing in areas like penetration testing, incident response, or security architecture.

Step 6: Networking and certification

Networking is crucial in cybersecurity. Build professional relationships by:

  • Joining online forums
  • LinkedIn
  • Certifications from Google or Udemy

Step 7: Apply for jobs and internships

Start your career in cybersecurity by applying for entry-level positions or internships. Common job titles include:

  • Security Analyst
  • Network Administrator
  • System Administrator
  • SOC Analyst (Security Operations Center)
  • IT Support Specialist

Remember to tailor your resume and cover letter to highlight your relevant skills and certifications.

Step 8: Continuous learning and ethical conduct

In cybersecurity, you’ll keep learning throughout your life. If you’re into the idea of hacking for good, think about becoming a Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) and make sure you always do hacking in an ethical way.

Just remember, it’s crucial to act responsibly and follow the rules of ethical hacking in all your cybersecurity activities.

Additional requirements and tips

Here are some additional requirements and tips to consider:

  • Some cybersecurity roles may require security clearances, especially in government or defense. Be prepared for background checks and investigations.
  • Develop soft skills such as communication, teamwork, and problem-solving, as they are highly valued in the field.
  • Join cybersecurity communities and organizations like ISACA (ISC)² and OWASP to access resources, networking opportunities, and industry insights.
  • Engage only in ethical hacking activities and follow local and international laws and regulations.

Ultimately, getting into cybersecurity is a rewarding journey that demands commitment, continuous learning, and ethical conduct. Following these steps and staying updated with industry developments can help you in a successful career protecting digital environments from cyber threats.

How hard is it to get into cybersecurity: Unveiling the challenges

Getting into cybersecurity might seem tough, but it’s a rewarding field that keeps our digital world safe. Here’s a simplified breakdown of why it can be challenging:

Tech skills matter

Cybersecurity experts need to understand computer networks, operating systems, and programming. If you’re not a tech whiz, spotting security problems and setting up safety tools can be hard. You might need to learn through school, certifications, or self-study.

Always learning

Cyber threats are constantly changing. To stay ahead, you have to keep learning about the latest risks, security tools, and defenses. This can be a challenge if you prefer a job that doesn’t change much.

Certifications and education

Many cybersecurity jobs ask for specific certifications or degrees. Getting these credentials takes time and often costs money. Certifications like:

  • CompTIA Security+

These are highly valued but are not that easy to earn. Earning these certifications can help you stand out in your field.

Competitive job market

There’s a high demand for cybersecurity experts because of more cyberattacks. That’s good for job options, but it also means there’s a lot of competition. Employers often want experienced candidates with certifications and advanced degrees. You’ll need a strong resume and a professional network to stand out.

Legal and ethical rules

Cybersecurity pros must follow strict laws and ethics. Doing unauthorized hacking or other illegal stuff can get you in big trouble. Staying ethical and responsible is crucial.

Cybersecurity can be challenging because of the need for tech skills, ongoing learning, certification requirements, job market competition, and strict legal and ethical standards.

But with dedication, a passion for tech and security, and a commitment to learning and ethics, you can succeed in this exciting field.

What is needed to get into cybersecurity?

Choosing a cybersecurity career is a great idea. Think of it as becoming a guardian of the online world. Here’s a simple breakdown of what you need:

Know the basics

Understand how computers work, both their physical parts and the software they run on, like Windows or macOS.

Learn about networks

Get to know computer networks, which are like internet highways. Learn how data moves through them.

Learn to Code

Coding is important. Languages like Python, Java, or C++ are helpful. They teach you how software is created and sometimes misused.

Cybersecurity basics

Get familiar with the basics of cybersecurity, like common threats such as viruses, malware, and phishing. Learn how to recognize and avoid them.

Operating systems

Dig deeper into operating systems like Windows and Linux. Understand how they function and their security features.

Online safety

Develop good online habits, like using strong, unique passwords and keeping your software up to date. It’s like keeping your digital world clean.

Be ethical

Always use your skills for good. Ethical behavior is crucial in cybersecurity. Hacking without permission is illegal.

Learning resources

Use online courses, books, and tutorials to learn more. Websites like Coursera, Udemy, and Khan Academy offer cybersecurity courses.


Practice is essential. Create a virtual lab or use platforms like Hack The Box to experiment with ethical hacking and defense techniques.

Stay informed

Cyber threats always change. Follow cybersecurity news, blogs, and podcasts to stay up-to-date on the latest trends and attacks.

Get certifications

Consider getting certifications like:

  • CompTIA Security+
  • Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH

To prove your skills and make your resume stand out.

Connect with others

Build a network by connecting with people in the field. Attend cybersecurity events, join online forums, and participate in Capture The Flag (CTF) competitions.

Internships (optional)

Look for internships or part-time jobs in IT or cybersecurity to gain practical experience, which is valuable.

Higher education

If you want to go further, consider getting a degree in cybersecurity or a related field at a college or university.

How do I start a career in cyber security?

Starting a career in cybersecurity can be rewarding, but it takes planning and dedication. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help:

  • Self-assessment
  • Education and training technical skills
  • Hands-on experience
  • Stay informed
  • Networking and certification
  • Apply for entry-level jobs
  • Continuous learning


Think about what you’re good at and passionate about. You must love technology, be detail-oriented, and adapt to new threats.

Education and training

Consider getting a degree in computer science, IT, or cybersecurity. Certifications like CompTIA Security+ or CISSP can boost your resume.

Technical skills

Focus on learning about networking, operating systems, programming, and security tools. You’ll need these skills to analyze data and secure systems.

Hands-on experience

Practice with cybersecurity tools and techniques in a home lab. Try Capture The Flag (CTF) competitions to improve your skills.

Stay informed

Keep up with the latest threats and defense strategies by reading blogs, newsletters, and attending events. Networking with pros in the field is also helpful.

Networking and certification

Join online forums, LinkedIn groups, and local meetups to connect with others in cybersecurity. Pursue certifications to boost your credentials.

Apply for entry-level jobs

Start with positions like Security Analyst, Network Administrator, or IT Support Specialist. Customize your resume to highlight your skills and certifications.

Continuous learning

In cybersecurity, you must keep learning. Stay updated on new tech and threats. Consider specializing in areas like ethical hacking or penetration testing.

By following these steps and staying passionate about digital security, you can have a successful career in cybersecurity.

Cracking the code: How to get into cyber security field

Cybersecurity is like being a digital superhero, protecting the digital world from villains. If curious about how to start your journey into this exciting field, here’s a beginner’s guide to help you understand

Build a strong Foundation

To become a cybersecurity expert, you need a solid foundation. Think of this as your superhero training. Start by learning the basics of computers, like how they work, their parts, and how the internet functions.

Coding superpower

Learning to code is crucial. Think of coding as your superpower. Languages like Python and JavaScript are great places to start. They help you understand how software works, which is vital in cybersecurity.

Master networking

Imagine computer networks as the roads in the digital world. Learn about them. Understand how data travels through these roads. Books, online courses, and YouTube tutorials can be your mentors.

Cyber hygiene

Just like superheroes keep themselves healthy, you must maintain good cyber hygiene. This means using strong passwords, updating your software, and being cautious about what you click online.

Learn about cyber threats

You must know your enemies to defeat them. Study common cyber threats like viruses, malware, and phishing. Understand how they work and how to recognize them.

Choose a path:

In the superhero world, there are different roles, like being a detective, a strategist, or a warrior. In cybersecurity, you can be a hacker (the good kind), a defender, or an analyst. Choose your path wisely.

Get educated:

Cybersecurity is a field that keeps evolving. You can start by earning certifications like CompTIA Security+ or Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH). These are like badges of honor in the cyber world.

Practice, practice and practice

Even superheroes need practice. Set up a safe and controlled environment, like a virtual lab, to practice hacking and defending. You can also participate in capturing the flag (CTF) competitions.

Stay informed

Superheroes read newspapers to know what’s happening in the world. Stay updated on the latest threats and trends in cybersecurity by following blogs, podcasts, and news sites.

Network and join communities

Superheroes have allies. In cybersecurity, connect with other enthusiasts and professionals. Attend conferences, join online forums, and follow cybersecurity experts on social media.

Be ethical

A true superhero uses their powers for good. In cybersecurity, always use your skills ethically and legally. Hacking without permission is a crime.

Cybersecurity is an exciting and ever-evolving field that requires dedication and continuous learning. Choose your path, get educated, and practice your skills.

Remember to use your powers for good and stay connected with the cybersecurity community. With determination and the right guidance, you can become a cybersecurity hero and protect the digital world from cyber villains.


What is needed to get into cybersecurity?

To enter cybersecurity, you’ll need a strong interest in technology, computers, and problem-solving. Key skills include understanding computer systems, networking, coding, and cybersecurity basics.

How can I get into cybersecurity without a degree?

You don’t necessarily need a degree. Start by learning online through courses, books, and tutorials. Gain practical experience through home labs and cybersecurity challenges. Certifications like CompTIA Security+ can help prove your skills.

Can I get into cybersecurity with no experience?

Yes, you can! Start by learning the basics of computers, networks, and cybersecurity. Also try to get experience through internships, part-time jobs, or volunteering.

Should I get into cybersecurity?

Cybersecurity is an excellent choice if you’re curious about computers, enjoy solving puzzles, and want to help protect the digital world. It offers exciting challenges and career opportunities.

Is cybersecurity dangerous?

Cybersecurity itself isn’t dangerous. It’s about defending against digital threats. However, if you use your skills unethically (like hacking without permission), you could get into trouble. Always use your knowledge responsibly.


Start your cybersecurity journey with curiosity and basic computer knowledge, and explore online courses and other resources. Also, practice your skills and consider certifications. Remember to always use your abilities ethically and help protect the online realm. Cybersecurity offers exciting opportunities to protect the digital world from cyber threats, making it a rewarding choice for tech-savvy individuals.

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About the author 

Mubi Ace

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